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Stanley William Hayter

Stanley William Hayter, who was born in London in 1901 and died in Paris in 1988, is internationally acknowledged as a leading theoretician and experimenter in the field of painting and engraving.

Having moved to Paris in 1926, he opened his famous Atelier 17, which, over the years, became a veritable hub for avant-garde art, and was frequented by Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí, Marc Chagall, Joan Miró, Max Ernst, and Alberto Giacometti.

A member of the surrealist group between 1933 and 1938, Hayter exhibited his works alongside those of Salvador Dalí, Marcel Duchamp, Max Ernst, Giorgio de Chirico, Joan Miró, René Magritte, and Yves Tanguy. Fascinated by André Masson’s visions, his pictorial technique developed into automatism, which he made famous with astonishing creative force. He gradually shifted away from figuration, and the brushstrokes were intertwined like strands, characterised by bright colours and powerful lines. His art lay at the crossroads between surrealism and abstraction.

Personal exhibitions

1927 – Galerie Sacre du Printemps, Paris, FR
1929 – Palais des Beaux-Arts, Bruxelles, BE
1929-1935 – Salon des Surindépendants, Paris, FR
1936 – Objets Surréalistes, Galerie Charles Raton, Paris, FR 

         International Surrealist Exhibition, New Burlington Galleries, Londres, GB 

         Fantastic Art, Dada and Surrealism, MoMa, New York, USA 

1937  – Surrealist Exhibition, Tokyo, JP
          – Galerie Gradiva, Paris, FR
1938  – Surréalisme, Galerie des Beaux-Arts, Paris, FR
1940  – Museum of Fine Arts, San Francisco, USA
1941  – Art Institute, Chicago, USA
          – Gallery Marion Willard, New York, USA
1943  – Gallery Marion Willard, New York, USA
1944  – Galerie Guggenheim Jeune, dirigée par Peggy Guggenheim, Londres, GB
1945  – Gallery Marion Willard, New York, USA
1945-1947 – Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA 

1946  – Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris, FR
1947  – Durand-Ruel Gallery, New York, USA
1948  – Museum of Fine Arts, Santa Barbara, Californie, USA
1949-1950 – Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
1951 – Galerie Louis Carré, Paris, FR
1951 – Guggenheim Jeune Galerie, Venise, IT 

1954  – Kunsthalle, Berne, CH
1955  – Galerie Denise René, Paris, FR
1957  – Retrospective, Whitechapel Gallery, Londres, GB
1958  – IXXIX Biennale de Venise, Pavillon de la Grande-Bretagne, IT
           – Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne, DE

           – Palais des Beaux-Arts, Bruxelles, BE
           – Kunstmuseum, Zurich, CH
           – Musée d’Art Moderne, Paris, FR
           – Museu de Arte Moderna, São Paulo, BR

1960 – Museum of the City, San Francisco, USA
         – City Art Museum, St. Louis, USA
1961 – Gallery Howard Wise, New York, US Liège, BE
1962 – Hayter, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Liège, BE 1965 – Gallery Howard Wise, New York, USA 

1967 – Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, Texas, USA
1968 – Château-Musée de Dieppe, FR
1972 – Musée d’Art Moderne, Paris, FR
1973 – Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington DC, USA
1975 – Landskrona Museum, SE
1976-1982 – Galerie de Seine, Paris, FR
1982 – Galerie 1900-2000, Paris, FR
1983-1988 – Galerie Jean-Claude Riedel, Paris, FR
1988 – Hommage à Hayter, Artcurial, Paris, FR
1994 – Galerie Jean-Claude Riedel, Paris, FR
1997 – Le Surréalisme et l’Amour, Pavillon des Arts, Paris, FR 2009 – Francis Naumann Fine Arts, New York, USA 2010-2011 – Anita Shapolsky Gallery New York, USA 

2011  – Pierre & François Fine Art, Art Elysées, Paris, FR
2012  – Stanley William Hayter – De la Ligne à la Couleur de 1950 à 1965, Galerie Délire en Formation, Paris, FR 

2013  – Stanley William Hayter et Hector Saunier, Galerie Artemper, Paris, FR
2014  – Conscience and Conflict, British Artists and the Spanish Civil War, Pallant House Gallery, Chichester, GB 

2016  – Hayter ou La Métamorphose des Lignes, Centre d’Art La Malmaison, Cannes, FR                

2017  – Hayter: Entre Lignes et Couleurs, Musée des beaux-arts de Bernay, Bernay, FR
2017 – Hayter : La Dynamique du Trait, Espace culturel des Tanneries, La Ferrière-sur- Risle, FR 

2018  – Stanley William Hayter: Paintings, Crane Kalman Gallery, Londres, GB
2019  – Masterpiece London, The Redfern Gallery, Londres, GB
2020  – Hayter, Peintures, Galerie T&L, Paris, FR

Selected works